Bird Gallery

This gallery features a selection of the birds that you might see on display at The Falconry Centre, and tells you more about each species. 

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Picture

Species

Length

Wingspan

Weight

Eggs

Distribution
& Bird Fact

Conservation Status

African Fish Eagle

Haliaeetus vocifer

63 - 75cm
175 - 210cm
2.0 - 3.6kg
2 - 3
Africa; all countries south of the Sahara

The African Fish Eagle is a very vocal bird, it can often be heard in the background of documentaries from Africa. They fish for less than 10 minutes per day when not rearing young.

Least Concern

African Spotted Eagle Owl

Bubo africanus

40 - 45cm
100 - 140cm
550 - 730g
2 - 4
Central to Southern Africa

The Spotted Eagle Owl is the smallest species of Eagle Owl. They are very agile flyers and some have learnt to catch bats, which congregate around street lights to feed on insects.

Least Concern

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

21 - 27cm
52 - 61cm
97 - 150g
4 - 6
All of the Americas

The American Kestrel is the second smallest Falco species in the world. The smallest is the Seychelles Kestrel.

Least Concern

Asian Brown Wood Owl

Strix leptogrammica

34 - 45cm
94 - 130cm
800g - 1.1kg
2
Sri Lanka, India, Malay Peninsula, through to Indonesia

The Brown Wood Owl is related to our native Tawny Owl. They are nocturnal, very elusive, and difficult to study.

Least Concern

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

70 - 90cm
180 - 230cm
2.5 - 6.3kg
2 - 3
Canada, United States of America, and Northern Mexico

The Bald Eagle is the emblem of the United States of America. It takes them 5 years to develop their distinctive white head and tail.

Least Concern

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

80 - 95cm
107 - 110cm
430 - 620g
2 - 9
Worldwide, throughout temperate and warm areas.

The Barn Owl has suffered from pesticide use, barn conversions and especially road traffic collisions. Conservation efforts have helped improve their numbers in the last 20 years.

Least Concern

Bateleur Eagle

Terathopius ecaudatus

55 - 70cm
168 - 190cm
1.8 - 3.0kg
1
Most parts of sub-Saharan Africa, except in areas of dense forest.

“Bateleur” is a medieval French word meaning “tightrope walker” or “acrobat”. When a Bateleur soars, it rocks its wings from side to side as if doing a balancing act.

Near Threatened

Bengal Eagle Owl

Bubo bengalensis

50 - 56cm
90 - 125cm
990g - 1.6kg
2 - 4
India, Nepal and Pakistan.

The Bengal or Indian Eagle Owl has been separated from the European Eagle Owl by DNA studies. They lay their eggs on the ground, usually on a rock ledge but sometimes under bushes or between rocks.

Near Threatened

Black Vulture

Coragyps atratus

56 - 74cm
133 - 167cm
1.1 - 3.0kg
1 - 3
Central and South America and Caribbean Islands.

The Black Vulture’s scientific name, Coragyps atratus, roughly translates as “Crow-like vulture, clothed in black”.

Least Concern

Chaco Owl

Strix chacoensis

35 - 40cm
65 - 75cm
300 - 350g
2 - 3
Northern Argentina and parts of Paraguay.

The Chaco Owl is the South American equivalent of our native Tawny Owl. “Chaco” is a province of Argentina.

Least Concern

Chilean Blue Buzzard Eagle

Geranoaetus melanoleucus

60 - 76cm
149 - 184cm
1.7 - 3.2kg
1 - 3
South America

This species is also known as the Black-Chested, Black or Grey Buzzard-eagle or Eagle-buzzard, or the Black-chested Eagle.

Least Concern

Common Buzzard

Buteo buteo

40 - 52cm
109 - 136cm
427g - 1.36kg
2 - 4
Europe (resident) and Asia (migrates south in winter).

The Common Buzzard has increased following a decline in the 1950s and 60s due to myxomatosis in rabbits and persecution. It is now the commonest raptor in the UK.

Least Concern

Common Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

27 - 35cm
57 - 79cm
136 - 314g
3 - 6
Europe, Africa and Asia.

The Kestrel is known for hovering. It is one of a few species of birds of prey where there is a difference in colouration between the male and female – the male has a grey head and tail.

Least Concern

Crested Caracara

Caracara plancus

50 - 65cm
120 - 132cm
900g - 1.6kg
1 - 3
Central and South America

The Crested Caracara is a great scavenger and is very intelligent. In some areas they have learnt to follow trains and cars for food thrown out by people.

Least Concern

Eurasian Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus

93 - 122cm
230 - 280cm
6.2 - 11.3kg
1
Europe and Asia

Eurasian Griffon Vultures were made extinct in the UK at some point before the 1600s, but one vagrant did briefly appear on the Channel Island of Guernsey in 2000.

Least Concern

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

66 - 90cm
180 - 234cm
3.0 - 6.5kg
1 - 3
Throughout the northern hemisphere.

The Golden Eagle is the second largest bird of prey in the UK, the biggest being the White-Tailed Sea Eagle.

Least Concern

Harris Hawk

Parabuteo unicinctus

46 - 59cm
103 - 120cm
700g - 1.6kg
2 - 4
Central and Southern America

This is the only species of raptor that cooperatively hunts. Groups of up to six birds have been seen working together. They are very commonly kept in the UK for falconry and display work.

Least Concern

Himalayan Griffon Vulture

Gyps himalayensis

103 - 110cm
260 - 289cm
8.0 - 12.0kg
1
Mountains of south-central Asia

The Himalayan Griffon Vulture is the second largest species of Old World Vulture; the only one larger is the Cinerous Vulture. The largest bird of prey in the world is the Andean Condor.

Near Threatened

Little Owl

Athene noctua

121 - 23cm
56 - 60cm
105 - 260g
3 - 6
Europe, Asia and North Africa

The Little Owl is the smallest species of owl in the UK. They were not a native bird; it was introduced to the UK in the 1880’s.

Least Concern

Long-Eared Owl

Asio otus

35 - 37cm
90 - 100cm
200 - 400g
4 - 5
Europe, North Africa and North America.

The Long-Eared Owl is the fifth most common of the six species of owl native to the UK.

Least Concern

Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

46 - 69cm
89 - 127cm
765g – 2.2kg
3 - 5
Across the Northern Hemisphere

The name “Goshawk” comes from the Anglo-Saxon word gōshafoc, literally meaning “goose hawk”. However, the Goshawk rarely preys on geese, usually hunting rabbits, pheasants, partridge and smaller waterfowl instead.

Least Concern

Northern Hawk Owl

Surnia ulula

36 - 45cm
43 - 47cm
300 - 340g
3 - 11
North America, Canada, Northern Europe and North Asia.

The Hawk Owl gets its name from its similar appearance to a hawk, particularly its long tail, which makes it a very agile flyer, especially through woodlands and forests.

Least Concern

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

34 - 58cm
74 - 120cm
330g - 1.5kg
3 - 5
Worldwide, except Antarctica

The Peregrine is the fastest recorded flying bird, reaching speeds in the stoop (vertical dive) in excess of 200mph.

Least Concern

Raven

Corvus corax

56 - 69cm
115 - 130cm
690g - 1.6kg
3 - 7
North America, Europe and Asia

The Raven is the largest member of the corvid (crow) family and is thought to be one of the most intelligent species of bird.

Least Concern

Red Kite

Milvus milvus

60 - 70cm
175 - 179cm
900 - 1.6kg
1 - 3
Europe and North-West Africa

Red Kites were persecuted to near-extinction in the UK, but their numbers are now increasing following reintroduction in several areas and conservation efforts.

Near Threatened

Red-Tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis

45 - 58cm
107 - 141cm
900 - 1.45kg
1 - 4
North and Central America

The Red-Tailed Hawk is the American version of the UK’s Common Buzzard. They nest on skyscraper ledges in urban areas, including New York.

Least Concern

Ruppell's Griffon Vulture

Gyps ruppelli

85 - 97cm
226 - 255cm
6.8 - 9.0kg
1
Central Africa

The Rüppell’s Griffon Vulture can eat up to 1.5kg (3lbs) of meat in one sitting. They are at risk from electrocution from power lines, poisoned carcasses and deliberate shootings. They are also killed for traditional medicine.

Critically Endangered

Saker Falcon

Falco cherrug

47 - 55cm
105 - 129cm
730g - 1.3kg
3 - 6
Eastern Europe, Russia, China and some migrate to Africa for winter.

The Saker is the species used in the Arab Emirates for falconry. The word Saker comes from the Arabic “Saqr”, meaning “falcon”.

Endangered

Snowy Owl

Bubo scandiacus

53 - 66cm
125 - 250cm
1.5 - 2.9kg
3 - 11
Arctic Circle

The Snowy Owl breeds in relation to its food supply which fluctuates each year. In food abundance years there will be many young but in low years a pair will not breed and will move to another area.

Vulnerable

Spectacled Owl

Pulsatrix perspicillata

41 - 52cm
76 - 91cm
450g - 1.25kg
1 - 2
Central and South America

The Spectacled Owl can take over 18 months to get its adult plumage; juveniles have white heads until they are around 2 years old.

Least Concern

Steller's Sea Eagle

Haliaeetus pelagicus

89 - 100cm
200 - 220cm
4.9 - 9.5kg
1 - 3
Eastern Russia and Japan

The Steller’s Sea Eagle is a protected species and classed as a “National Treasure” in Japan. It is under threat from pollution, loss of habitat and over-fishing, which deprives them of their main food source.

Vulnerable

Steppe Eagle

Aquila Nipalensis

60 - 81cm
165 - 125cm
1.2 - 4.9kg
1 - 3
Central Asia, Africa in winter.

The Steppe Eagle is not as powerful as its cousin, the Golden Eagle. A large proportion of their winter diet in Africa is termites.

Endangered

Striated Caracara

Phalcoboenus australis

55 - 60cm
116 - 125cm
1.2 - 2.3kg
2 - 4
Falkland Islands and islands off tip of South America.

These are also known as Forster’s Caracara and “Johnny Rock” in the Falkland Islands. They often some near people and are known to raid dustbins.

Near Threatened

Tawny Eagle

Aquila rapax

60 - 75cm
159 - 190cm
1.7 - 3.0kg
1 - 2
Africa and Asia.

During its first year, the immature Tawny Eagle’s plumage is much paler than the adults, often whitish, especially on the underparts.

Least Concern

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco

37 - 39cm
94 - 104cm
440 - 550g
3 - 5
Europe and some parts of Asia

The Tawny Owl is the most common species of owl in the UK. This is the species you may hear hooting at night with its distinctive “tu-whit, tu-woo” call.

Least Concern

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura

62 - 81cm
160 - 183cm
800 - 2.4kg
1 - 3
North, Central and South America and Caribbean Islands.

The Turkey Vulture is one of the few birds that has been proven to have a sense of smell; it can detect the scent of rotting meat to help it find food.

Least Concern

Turkmenian Eagle Owl

Bubo bubo turkomanus

58 - 71cm
131 - 188cm
1.75 - 2.4kg
1 - 4
Kazakhstan to West Mongolia

The Turkmenian Eagle Owl is a sub-species of the larger and darker European Eagle Owl. There are about 14 different species all known collectively as the Eurasian Eagle Owl species.

Least Concern

White-Headed Vulture

Trigonoceps Occipitalis

72 - 82cm
207 - 223cm
3.3 - 5.3kg
1
Sub-Saharan Africa

The wild White-Headed Vulture population has declined sharply in recent years due to deliberate shooting and poisoning of vultures at carcasses.

Critically Endangered

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